My Haplogroups

Living DNA’s tagline is “We are all made up of all of us”. My test results arrived a few days ago and I tried to get my head around them this morning. The company’s presentation of my “story” confused me on a first run through but searching online for information on the haplogroups that point me towards my Adam and Eve has brought a little more understanding.

My “family story” as revealed by the autosomal DNA test is at some variance to that provided by My Heritage. I will deal with this in a few days or weeks when I have gathered data from “paper research” that can be placed alongside the chromosomal evidence. For example, Living DNA gives more “granular” ethnicity results within the UK than MH but it can’t find me sharing DNA with Lincolnshire people. I would guess that a quarter to a third of the forebears I have traced so far was born in that county. And the LivingDNA gives me a foothold in a number of counties from which none of my paper ancestors have yet emerged.

I’m pleased to have my Y and mt haplogroups though I’m wondering if I should take another test as a control! The differences in ethnicity have unnerved me. I’m particularly narked to be deprived of my 50.7% Scandinavian heritage by LivingDNA.

My Y-line forebears came out of the last Ice Age in droves. There seems to be nothing distinguished about a phylogenetic tree that branches towards our uncertain future from the R1b etc haplogroup – also known as R-M269.There are millions of us in Europe today who have this mutation in our deep past. Four notable changes later bring me to R-U106, and still one of a crowd that contains “one-eighth of Europe”, mostly in the Netherlands, England, Norway (hurrah) and Germanic Europe. My subclade is R-Z19 and I guess finding others with this mutation may improve my chances of making connections in genealogical time. (U106 is estimated to be between 2,400 and 4,500 years old and Z19 may have appeared as recently as 140 AD. The fabulous pedigree that was briefly mine on FamilySearch Tree took me well into BCE time.)

I’m not sure which of Brian Sykes’ Seven Daughters of Eve is my last stop before the Great Mother but I have been allocated Iris as a “step-daughter of Eve”, representing mitochondrial haplogroup I. This appeared around 20,000 years ago and my subclade I2 roughly 6,000 years ago (Olivieri 2013). It is a mostly European haplogroup, widely but sparsely distributed. If I can find a research group to join it may be a select company.

So far I have only been able to take my mother’s mothers back four generations; my paper trail to chromosomal Adam is longer – to 12th great grandfather Robert HESSEY, born 1574. It is a rocky path though, courtesy of FamilySearch Tree and it will take months to find and check the source material that confirms its veracity.

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