A Husband and Father

Roland JENKINSON has yet to marry on the Shared Tree.

Roland’s last address was 43 West Road (Filey Genealogy & Connections) but his probate record notes he died at Scarborough Hospital.

In September 1939, at the age of 18, Roland was working as a Post Office messenger and living at 29 The Newlands with his parents and elder brother. The address is now Ash Road and if you follow the link, you can compare the old photo with Google Street View.

The women pictured years ago were chatting outside the house with the bush and blue recycling bin. The 1939 Jenkinson house is near the end of the road, on the right.

Roland’s parents are remembered at his grave in an Open Book that isn’t easy to decipher.

In loving memory of a dear husband, MATTHEW JENKINSON, died 4th May 1972, aged 81 years.

Also, his wife Emma Elizabeth, died 23 March 1977, aged 78 years.

Crimlisk Survey 1977

Records of a marriage in 1944 and a birth in 1949 may be appropriate for this post.

Free BMD Marriages SEP 1947: GRACE Doreen & JENKINSON Roland, Buckrose 2a 121.     

Free BMD Births JUN 1949: JENKINSON Anne, (Mother’s Maiden Surname) Grace, Buckrose 2a 7.

The Cuddeford Sisters

The name is not a common one in England. With the variant Cuddiford, it spread a little in the 19th century with Devon and London vying for the honours of “heartland”. Compare the maps at the linked site to the illustration below.

Sisters Ann Eliza and Ellen were born in Devon and are remembered on a substantial headstone in St Oswald’s churchyard.

47 Fowler B4 | Granite

In affectionate remembrance of BENJAMIN FOWLER, who died March 3rd 1860, aged 54 years.

ELLEN, wife of the above, who died June 8th 1894, aged 75 years.

ANN ELIZA CUDDEFORD, who died February 1st 1860, aged 37 years.

JANE SMITH, eldest daughter of the above BENJAMIN & ELLEN FOWLER, who died April 8th 1915, aged 70 years.

‘R.I.P.’

Crimlisk Survey 1977

Benjamin FOWLER was a Riding Officer but he is also described in some sources as a “gentleman”. He was 36 years old when he married Ellen CUDDEFORD in Stokenham, a village just a mile from the haunts of smugglers in Torcross on the south coast of Devon. I am not quite sure how old Ellen was exactly – censuses and vital records can’t be reconciled – but she was about 12 years his junior. They had four daughters and two sons in almost eighteen years of marriage. Benjamin’s efforts on behalf of Customs and Excise may have been poorly rewarded and the value of his effects at death was less than £70,000 in today’s money.

A month after she buried her husband, and two months after her sister Ann Eliza had been laid to rest, the census enumerator found Ellen at 21 The Crescent with all of her children and Ann PEERS, 19, a servant from Hornsea. 

Photographed this morning

Jane Smith Fowler died in Scarborough in 1915 but I failed to find her in censuses after 1871. I have added some sources to Benjamin’s Collaboration tab.

Lucky Days

This Suffolk couple has yet to start a family on the Shared Tree.

Ann’s death at age 35 was recorded in the same quarter of 1846 as the birth of George junior, her fifth child and third son. George senior married a woman over twenty years his junior in 1852 and he probably considered himself fortunate to have someone to help raise his children and give him a few more. Six boys duly appeared at intervals somewhat longer than the Victorian norm – three or four years rather than the usual two. William was first, followed by Lucky – by name but not by nature. He did not reach his second birthday. Boy Three was also Lucky. At 20 he was an agricultural labourer, at 30 a beer cask washer, at 40 a brewer’s drayman and at 50 a brewer’s labourer. Perhaps he liked his beer too much to consider marrying but he had an intriguing long-term relationship with the widow BACON.

Mary Ann BETTS married James Bacon, a carman, in 1862. They appear to have had ten children in 21 years. When Lucky was first recorded as a boarder with Mrs B in 1891, she was a widow. Her youngest child, Ada May, was then five years old, but the birth had been registered almost three years after James had died. Lucky was sixteen years younger than Mary. They chose not to marry but were still together as a “widow” and “boarder” in 1911. Mary wrote on the census form that she’d had eleven children and ten were still living. Ada May had not been enumerated with the family in 1901. There is a death registration in September 1900 in London City for Ada May Bacon aged fourteen.

Lucky died in the spring of 1918 aged 55 and Mary departed towards the end of 1920 aged 76. (The GRO Index gives Lucky’s age at death as 59, a “clerical error” perhaps. Lucky the First’s birth was registered in 1859.)

Lucky may have lived in Suffolk all his life but his half-brother George (junior) married a Filey woman. The eldest daughter of George and Mary née WATKINSON married John WILLIS, a fisherman who drowned from Wild Rose a hundred and twenty years ago. (See Men Overboard.)

The Man from Buenos Ayres

In a three-day march through online records, I found the widow of John MARTINDALE, most of her descendants from a first marriage, but not the origins of the man himself. He wasn’t born in Argentina. I am not sure who his parents are but favour this couple.

There are several other men called John Martindale born within a few miles and years of this chosen one. I knew he had been a farmer and thought for a while he had worked High Thorn near Kendal and raised many children with Margaret WHARTON. In 1861 the couple was living apart. Margaret, 59, was in Kendal town with her son James, 17, a painter’s apprentice and had informed the enumerator that her husband was away “on a journey”. John hadn’t yet travelled far – he was working as a servant at Rydal Farm, just fifteen miles distant. But Margaret had described herself as a “horse trainer’s wife”, so who wouldn’t immediately dream of gauchos? Margaret died towards the end of 1865, freeing John to marry again and finally be remembered on a headstone in Filey St Oswald’s churchyard. But he followed Margaret to eternity a few months later, dying at Rydal Hall.

Row 34 | 687 Martindale G555

In loving memory of my dear mother HANNAH, widow of JOHN MARTINDALE (of Buenos Ayres), born March 28th 1820, died Jan 25th 1907.

‘What cheering words are these!

Their sweetness who can tell!

In time and to eternal days

Tis with believers well.’

‘But above all how well!

When Jesus speaks the word

And at the trumpets sounding swell

They rise to meet their Lord’

Also of our darling mother, JANE JONES DEEBLE, (daughter of the above), who fell asleep in Jesus, February 2nd 1933, in her 81st year.

‘Forever with the Lord’

Crimlisk Survey1977

John from South America was 65 years old when he married Hannah WAREY in Exeter in 1866. She brought two children to the marriage with her – Jane Jones Warey, 14, and David George, 11. JONES was Hannah’s maiden surname and her daughter Jane would later marry Charles DEEBLE in Bangalore in 1882. Two children, Charlie and Ellen, were born in India but Jane brought them to England shortly after their soldier father’s death in Secunderabad at the age of 41.

John Martindale was not a stepfather for long. He died in St Austell Street, Truro towards the end of 1872. In 1881 the enumerator in Otley, Yorkshire named Hannah’s son David Warey Martindale. Aged 25, single and a watchmaker, David was living with his mother at Chevin Side. Less than a mile away in Kirkgate, his older sister, Margaret Hannah was living with her husband Richard COAD, 38, and three daughters. Richard was also a watchmaker – and a Cornishman. Perhaps this is a good time to explain why Hannah Jones, born in middle England, had set up her first married home by the sea at Walmer in Kent before journeying westward along the coast to Falmouth. Her husband Charles Warey, five feet and eight inches tall, with a florid complexion and no distinguishing marks, was a boatman with the Coastguard Service. I wonder how a man born in Stokenham, a mile from the English Channel, happened to meet a Warwickshire girl.

In the summer of 1883, David married Mary Jane HARDY in Huddersfield. In 1901 they had four children living with them in Kirkburton, the youngest aged ten. His mother and sister had by this time moved to the Yorkshire coast and while Hannah lived “on her own means”, Jane worked from home as a toy dealer.

12 Hope Street (centre), photographed yesterday

Hannah’s life may have ended in this house. You may have wondered about the dedication on her gravestone beginning, “In loving memory of my dear mother”. Hannah’s son David died eleven days before Hannah.

Jane Deeble left Filey to live with her son Charles and his family in York, where she was described as a lodging house keeper in 1911.

35 Garth Terrace, York (centre) – not much room for lodgers?

Ten years later, she was living in York with her daughter Ellen, aged 32, single and a buyer in the boot department of Leak and Thorp, the city’s first department store. The store was destroyed by fire in 1933, the year Jane died, aged 81.

David George Warey can be found on the Shared Tree with his wife and two of their four children – but he doesn’t have forebears. His son Charles Stuart was a casualty of the Great War in 1916 while serving as an Airman Mechanic with the Royal Flying Corps. In 1921, his widow Elizabeth was alone in the house they had shared. She did not remarry and died in 1958 aged seventy.

Returning to John Martindale. I did not find him in the censuses of 1841 and 1851 and can only speculate that he went to South America in his youth, returning as a single man or widower in his late fifties or early sixties to marry widow Hannah Warey. I have to leave it for someone else to find his Buenos Ayres connection.

The Elusive Mrs Hunter

I wrote a post about Frank Hunter some time ago (see On Another Coast). I could not find the origins of his widow Lillian back then but even though I have so much time to spare this year I failed on a second attempt to trace her. I am not even sure where Ebenezer House was – their home when she received news of Frank’s death. If it was No. 1 Queen Street it must have been on the corner of Church Street, close to St Oswald’s, where Frank was (presumably) working as Sexton when the 1939 Register was compiled. It is sad to think of him returning to the sea to meet his maker. Not long after the war began, Frank and Lillian moved the very short distance to 4 Ebenezer Terrace – the house below with the drainpipe by the front door.

Photographed this morning.

It was the last address of Frank’s mother, Elizabeth Ann née Pearson.

Row 30 | 639 Hunter G496 | Open book

In loving memory of ELIZABETH ANN HUNTER, died 1st June 1940, aged 66 years.

Also, their son GEORGE HUNTER, died 17th Dec 1972, aged 71 years.

‘Resting in God’s keeping’

‘At rest’

Crimlisk Survey 1977

The Shared Tree hasn’t located Lillian yet. (I will add some Hunter sources tomorrow.)

Unexpectedly, a search this evening introduced me to another Frank Hunter.

Water 62 · Martin’s Ravine

Robinson and Crimlisk

George William ROBINSON married Jane Elizabeth CRIMLISK at Filey St Oswald’s in January 1909. George died in 1944 and Jane 22 years later.

Row 22 | 2072 Robinson F211a | Granite

In loving memory of GEORGE WM ROBINSON, at rest 17th Jan 1944, aged 53.

‘Ever in our thoughts’

Also JANE ELIZABETH wife of the above died 25th Feb 1966 aged 77 years.

‘Reunited’

Crimlisk Survey 1977

There is a flat stone at the foot of the grave remembering George and Jane’s son George Thomas and daughter-in-law Helen Joan DAVIES.

Row 22 | 2072 Robinson F211b

In loving memory of GEORGE THOMAS (CUB) ROBINSON, died 14th July 1986, aged 71.

Also, HELEN JOAN ROBINSON, died 22nd Nov 2004, aged 89.

East Yorkshire Family History Society, Filey St Oswald’s Part 3 ©2015

George William was the first of ten children born to Thomas Robert and Alice née MOORHOUSE. The Shared Tree has an extra daughter, Julia, for whom there isn’t a birth registration to be found. She features in the 1911 census though.

There were no more children born after Louis. Thomas Robert must have had a senior moment because in 1921 he named the daughter that arrived between his namesake son and Paul “Lillian”. (In most sources she is “Lilian”.)

Just mentioned Paul married Annie Elizabeth COWLING in September 1926. I expect Paul’s oldest brother George William may have been present at the ceremony  – and perhaps he appears in the wedding photograph below (behind the bride maybe).

Photographer unknown, September 1926, courtesy of Suzanne Pollard.

I walked along West Road this morning to photograph the house where Jane Elizabeth lived towards the end of her life (source EYFHS Filey St Oswald’s MI Survey).

Jane’s house, No.93, is open to the street.

In researching George [GDDG-5NS] and Jane I collected information that may be helpful to Shared Tree contributors. I will add some sources to the Collaboration tabs of several individuals tomorrow.

The pavements were icy in places this morning. On this day in 2018 and 2019 “frost flowers” bloomed in Crescent Gardens.

A Brickmaker’s Family

William RAWSON was born in South Collingham, Nottinghamshire towards the end of 1837, to parents John and Elizabeth née BODY.

East Nottinghamshire around Newark is at the edge of the Rawson heartland, stretching north through Derbyshire into south Yorkshire and then taking a leap south-westwards to Manchester.

William had two brothers and two sisters (at least) but he is the only one that appears to have left his home patch to seek a fortune. I don’t suppose anyone knows why he chose Filey and having started out as an agricultural labourer his prospects were not great. But he was a robust and fine-looking fellow and in 1866 he married Elizabeth Ann MAULSON, a Filey woman about ten years his junior. In 1871 they were living on Ravine Terrace with two children, John Thomas, 3, and Elizabeth, 2. I suspect it is their firstborn pictured below.

Photographer unknown, no date, courtesy of Marilyn Briggs.

After John Thomas and Elizabeth, there was a deluge of ten more children. The births of Robert Hornby and Mary Eliza were registered in Stockton, County Durham, but all bar one of the others first saw light in Filey. (William junior, number 7, was born in Riccall.)

William senior seems to have had a career change in Durham. In 1881 he told the enumerator he was a bricklayer’s labourer. Ten years later he was a brickmaker, but maybe not a successful one because in 1901 he gave “general labourer” as his occupation. 

The Shared Tree has married six of the children but two more had exchanged vows in my RootsMagic database.

You may have noticed that the firstborn son John Thomas appears twice in the Shared Tree. In his 1888 death registration, he is just John. A labourer, he died at Cayton at the end of May and was buried in St Oswald’s churchyard on the third of June. He doesn’t have a marked grave. He had married Ann MAINPRIZE in Bridlington less than five months earlier and she would register John’s death and the birth of their son George in the June quarter of 1888. (You should check this information – and every other fact in the lists above.)

John the First made way for William and Elizabeth Ann’s last child, John the Second, who was tragically killed in a fall (see An Accidental Death). His memorial stone in the churchyard has toppled and broken in half. The hidden part of the inscription remembers his parents.

Marilyn also kindly donated this photo to Looking at Filey but she was not certain that it shows the Rawsons in later years. If the youngest boy here is John the Second, he looks to be about five years old, dating the photograph to around 1895.  That year, Robert Hornby was 24, William 16 and Charles 13.

I didn’t have information about William junior’s death. He was easy to trace. He married Angelina SPAVIN in 1902, five years after older brother Robert had married Angelina’s sister Hannah. In 1911 William had three children and was working as a blast furnace labourer in Loftus. In 1939 he was a “road worker” living in Scalby with Angelina and their daughter Minnie, 34. William’s birth date is given as 1 November 1880 in The Register but his birth was recorded in the December Quarter of the previous year. His death was registered in the September Quarter of 1958, aged 78.

I think it is the brickmaker’s family.

Researching More Broadley

One thing led to another. Wondering when the row of houses on Filey Foreshore that includes St Kitts was built, I looked for old maps. This is how the site looked in 1851.

The first block of The Crescent had been built but the South Pampletines undercliff from Cargate Hill south to Mouse Haven must have looked like the Nuns Walk does today. The darker patch where the X is may have been a small pond. I think I have marked the location of No.2 The Foreshore accurately but you can check by visiting the National Library of Scotland to get a feel for the area on an early 1” Ordnance Survey map. The initial surveying was done around the time John Bourryeau BROADLEY died but the map was not published until about twenty years later. Survey teams may have returned in the 1870s and 80s to find houses on The Foreshore that were not there in the late 1860s. Look here and get your bearings by moving the transparency slider. Note the present-day “pond” where children paddle in the summer months.

Even at this small scale, you should be able to roughly locate St Kitts. But head to the North Yorkshire County Council website and look at their Historic Map. Zoom out from Northallerton Station and scroll eastwards to Filey. When you reach the foreshore area zoom in until the building plan appears, outlined in red. The Paddling Pool will be a visual cue and the historic base will look very similar to the 1851 map shown above.

The house from which John B. Broadley departed in 1867 is architecturally very similar to the one he occupied in Scarborough in 1861. This made me think he may have used his inherited wealth to build five houses by the sea in New Filey and occupy one, naming it St Kitts because he knew where his bread had been buttered. Perhaps someone has the deeds of one of the houses, giving a year of construction that would support or trash this hypothesis. I now think the houses were built after John’s death and it is just a coincidence that one was named St Kitts.

John and his family are represented on the FamilySearch Shared Tree here but the woman responsible for his middle name is not related to him by blood. She is the wife of his granduncle John.

Elizabeth was the eldest of eleven girls born to sugar plantation owners Zachariah BOURRYEAU and Sophia SHAW. The girls had one brother, John, and when he died only Elizabeth, Hannah and Mary appear to have been beneficiaries of his will and the ensuing sale of the Simon estates in Grenada and St Kitts. Elizabeth had been married to John Broadley for thirteen years when her brother died and the journey made by her portion to later members of the Broadley family has been difficult to follow. Cutting to the chase, John the Lancer is arguably a Broadley alpha male in Burke’s Landed Gentry, but in reality, it was his aunt Sophia, Lady of the Manor in Welton, who owned thousands of acres in the East Riding. She was much revered.

On the day of the funeral, Sophia’s nephew Captain Broadley rode in the first mourning coach with his wife Eleanor, Mr W. H. Harrison and Mrs Sykes. William Henry HARRISON was the husband of Sophia’s younger sister Mary – and he inherited the lionesses’ share, including Welton House (page 2 if you follow this link to an East Riding Museums pdf).

My research yesterday led me to other Broadley men of war.

Broadley Harrison

John Henry William Harrison-Broadley

Squadron Leader John Harrison-Broadley

Death or Glory

He died over 150 years ago and his small headstone doesn’t look Victorian.

John’s middle name is perfect for mangling. Knowing there is a French connection in his past, I am going to settle for BOURRYEAU. It is a minority spelling in the sources but the half dozen or more variants found are unconvincing.

It is clearly a matter of pride that he was a Captain of the 17th Lancers. He must have been a boy soldier to have achieved this rank at the age of twenty-four. He was 37 and had left the army when he married. About four months after his wedding day he would have received news of the deaths of over a hundred of his former brothers-in-arms. The Russians cut the Light Brigade lancers down as they charged into the Valley of Death. Not the Scots Greys. And photographer Roger Fenton’s Death Valley is some distance from the site of the carnage.

17th Lancers, cap badge, by GMJ – http://www.paoyeomanry.co.uk, Public Domain

John was born into a wealthy family, the money coming mainly from inheritance. Made initially by African slaves in West Indies plantations and banked by Zachariah Bourryeau, huge sums were bequeathed to his son John and three daughters. There was property too and John BROADLEY, who had married Elizabeth Bourryeau, found himself in possession of Blyborough Hall in Lincolnshire. I am not sure how the Broadley family came to buy hundreds of acres of East Yorkshire, but John the Lancer received a share. Rents and his army pension were enough to fund a three-storey dwelling in Trafalgar Square, Scarborough – plenty big enough for a man, his wife and three servants. I have not found evidence of the move to Filey after 1861 and there isn’t a last address in the EYFHS St Oswald’s Burials Survey. One of the slaver’s plantations, however, was on the island of St Kitts and there is a house with this name on Filey’s Foreshore Road (aka The Beach).

Photographed today

This may be where John Bourryeau Broadley spent his final years before congestion of the brain took him. (What we might call “cerebral haemorrhage” nowadays.) His effects at probate were valued at less than £1,500 (about £130,000 today).

John’s wife was a widow for 42 years. She died in London in 1909.

More information online –

Centre for the Study of the Legacies of British Slavery

South Ella Hall, Anlaby (pdf): The Broadley Family

Year Planner

Looking at six Anniversary People a day was way too much for me. I plan to take it easy from now on. After three years of ignoring my own folk, I have returned to looking for ancestors – as a sideline. In the shorter Filey working week, my priority will be the headstones in St Oswald’s graveyard. I have put about three hundred on FamilySearch but I no longer contribute to the Filey Community on the Shared Tree. The five hundred or so stone photographs remaining will be put on Redux with information about the remembered that can be easily found and verified.

In its Survey of St Oswald’s in 2014/15, the East Yorkshire Family History Society includes Burial Register information with last addresses of the deceased. Posting a headstone photo will in many instances prompt me to look at Filey Streets – and photograph them.

My cupboard of Filey photographs for daily posting is almost bare – but one of my most appreciative viewers has told me there are only so many pictures of the place… Perhaps more of you have seen enough already.  

It will take me a few more days to tidy up last year’s spreadsheets and organize the 2023 workflow. I hope to get back into some sort of swing by the end of next week.

This was sent to me by the poet’s nephew, Rod Pearson, a few weeks ago. I found it very affecting – and an accurate version of the tragedy when compared with contemporary newspaper accounts. See Lost & Found.