One Sarah or Two?

The birth families of Job Charles CHAPMAN and the IBBERSON sisters were scattered (and incomplete) on FamilySearch. I wanted to bring them together so that I could attach the photographs of the St Oswald’s memorials to their records on the Shared Tree. I happened upon two Chapman girls called Sarah who were alive at the same time and had the same parents. Or so the records indicated.

Every life is precious and should be acknowledged, but my first instinct was to put just one Sarah on the Shared Tree, to be on the safe side. But then I found that christening sources had generated a FamilySearch record for both, though without placing them in the same family unit. When I brought them together, I triggered a duplicate child warning. In my limited experience, these can be readily dismissed, when weeks, months or years pass between the death of one and the birth of the other. But with these two girls…

Here are the GRO digital records of the handwritten birth register entries: –

CHAPMAN, Sarah, Mother’s Maiden Surname: MEABE (sic). GRO Reference: 1840 S Quarter in FROME UNION Volume 10 Page 346.

CHAPMAN, Sarah, Mother’s Maiden Surname: MEAD. GRO Reference: 1841 D Quarter in FROME UNION Volume 10 Page 388.

Is it safe to assume that “MEABE” is a misreading of MEADE? The mother, Anne, is sometimes Ann, sometimes MEAD, occasionally MEADE. So why shouldn’t she be MEABE also?

Here are the christening records as displayed by FamilySearch.



The census is consistent in giving the birthplace of all the Chapman children as Rodden, a small village just outside Frome. It has a small church (All Saints) – so why would James and Anne take their babies 35 miles to be christened? The answer is – they wouldn’t. There is a Baptism record at Somerset Archives, accessed via Find My Past, giving the same date and the same parents for Sarah 1 but indicating that the family residence and place of baptism was Rodden. It also gives father James’ occupation – Slubber. I can only think that Rodden register entries were collected with those from dozens of other parish churches and placed in a Preston-Plucknett chest. (You may have a better explanation.)

Here is the death registration for Sarah 1: –

CHAPMAN, Sarah, Age at Death (in years): 1. GRO Reference: 1842 M Quarter in FROME UNION Volume 10 Page 297.

This is consistent with a record for her burial at Rodden on 18 January 1842.

The 1841 census records three children at Wallbridge Gate: Phillip 3, Emma 2 and Sarah 1.

In 1851, expecting her to be eleven years old, we find Sarah is aged 10. This would not be a caution if she was the only Sarah in the family but, in 1871, she tells the enumerator that she is 29. This year difference becomes significant if she is a second Sarah. (A record of Sarah 2’s death remains elusive.)

It seems clear to me that two little girls called Sarah were born to James and Anne. So, is the registration of Sarah 1’s death in the first quarter of 1842 and the birth of Sarah Two in the last quarter of 1841 a problem? If you don’t have a death date for someone, reckoning on three days before burial may prove to be correct in more than 50% of cases. But if Sarah 1 died on Christmas Day (say) and December was particularly cold a delay before her burial may have been necessary. The weather was not so inclement that Sarah 2’s birth couldn’t be registered “on time” in nearby Frome. But frozen ground, or a coroner’s inquest, could account for the late registration of Sarah 1’s death. (It isn’t difficult to imagine the family suffering the death of one girl child, quickly followed by the birth of another. The parents’ emotional state may have determined the naming of the newcomer. Sarah could live again.)

As I have been writing this and doing some more online searches, I have found a One-Name Study Tree that includes this Chapman family. It is a joy to behold because it is powered by Darrin Lythgoe’s genealogy software – but it also accepts that there were two girls called Sarah. Here is a screenshot: –


If you want to explore further, visit The Philo Family. And find the Rodden Chapmans on the FamilySearch Shared Tree here.

A Misunderstanding

There is a note in Filey Genealogy & Connections to the effect that Job Charles CHAPMAN was a bigamist.

In the 1901 census, he is enumerated at Fern House, on Filey Foreshore, a Lodging-House keeper, aged 50. His “housekeeper” is 51-year-old Teresa IBBERSON, a single woman.

The note:-

1901; living at Fern House with sister in law. Written over status: marr which was crossed out and bigamist written over. Ellen’s sister Teresa was entered as wife. This was also crossed out and sister in law entered.

The page image (© TNA) tells a different story.


Job, a Somerset man, married Teresa’s sister in Leeds in 1880 when he was 29. Ellen was six years his senior and died aged just 52 in 1898.

In 1881, not long married, Job and Ellen are enumerated as “Visitors” at widow Ferguson’s fine residence, No.7 The Crescent, Filey. A third visitor is Teresa, her occupation given as “Ladies Maid”.

In 1891, Job and Ellen are keeping Ackworth House on the Foreshore Road. Ellen was born in Ackworth near Pontefract, so perhaps she bestowed the name upon this building. Theresa is a grocer in Murray Street.

Thirteen years after Ellen’s death, Job and his housekeeper are still in partnership in 1911. The Find My Past transcription doesn’t give Teresa any work to do but the page image shows a faint ditto flourish indicating that she is a lodging-house keeper too. The couple has downsized to St Kitts, a short distance south along the Foreshore Road (now “The Beach”).


On the 1911 census form, Job indicates that St Kitts has 18 rooms.

When they retired from the business of looking after summer visitors to Filey, Job and Teresa downsized again, to a modest property in Queen’s Terrace, Filey.


They both died at the house with the blue door in 1927. Teresa departed first, in February, and Job followed eight months later. Job and the two sisters sleep together in St Oswald’s churchyard, an eternal ménage à trois.


Job’s inscription tells us that he was “for 35 years Tyler of the Royal Lodge of Freemasons No.643”.

At rest. So mote it be.

A Troubled Family

What was Hannah HOOD thinking when she persuaded her husband to share a bedroom with her 80-year-old father?

The remains of Mr. Frank Chapman, aged 80, who met his death at Reighton, by falling from a window, was interred on Tuesday. Deceased was formerly a farmer at Gristhorpe.

Scarborough Mercury 18 December 1903


Hannah was about six months old and her brother George three when they were christened at the Primitive Methodist Chapel in Filey on 16 November 1865.

Twenty-three years later, George married Maria GLENTON. In 1901 they are in Gristhorpe with their three children, Charlotte Ann, 11, Robert, 8, and Eliza Jane, 2. George was sound of body, working as an agricultural labourer, and would see his father buried two years later. If he attended the funeral, he may have considered St Oswald’s churchyard a pleasant spot to rest eternally. If that was his wish, it came true a decade later.

I have not discovered the whereabouts of George or Maria in 1911, Their children were scattered. The youngest, Eliza Jane, is boarding with widow WELLBURN in Gristhorpe. Charlotte Ann is a general servant to farmer Thomas JACKSON at Osgodby, near Cayton. Robert is a “beastman” to another farmer, Charles Collins SKELTON, near Hunmanby, unaware that he will soon be asked to forfeit his life. A life remembered on the headstone of his parents, a few metres from the grave of Frank and Ann.


In loving memory of GEORGE CHAPMAN of Gristhorpe, who departed this life April 9th 1913, aged 50 years.

‘Not gone from memory nor from love

But to the eternal Home above’

Also of MARIA, wife of the above, died Nov 11 1926, aged 67 years.

‘At rest’

Also, Pt. ROBERT CHAPMAN, son of the above, who was killed in France after four years active service, Nov 1st 1918, aged 26 years.

‘In the midst of life, we are in death

Forever with the Lord’

The life expectancy of a soldier on the Western Front was short, and for Robert to have come through three or more years of carnage to die within days of “victory” is poignant. I couldn’t find him on the CWGC database, the nearest sacrifice to November the first being an infantryman with the King’s Own Scottish Borderers. Robert isn’t to be found on the Filey War Memorial – no surprise as he was a Gristhorpe man. I looked for a photo I took of the Gristhorpe Memorial in March.


There he is, at the bottom of the list – “K. O. Scottish Bords”. If he served with the 6th Battalion throughout the war he may have fought in a dozen battles, including the Somme, Passchendaele, Delville Wood, Zonnebeke Redoubt, Cambrai. Robert was killed during the Final Offensive in 1918. His body was identified by his cap badge, general service uniform and boots and placed in a temporary grave. With a thousand or more other comrades he was taken to the New British Cemetery at Harlebeke, near Ieper, in 1924 or 1925.

George had died in the North Riding Asylum in York, aged 50, unaware of the trials his son would soon endure. How much did Maria know of her son’s fate? Robert’s service record online is bereft of kin. She died on Armistice Day 1925 (not 1926) in the same mental hospital as her husband. What must those twelve years of widowhood have been like for her?

In 1924, Eliza Jane signed the register at the marriage of her sister to Charles Henry JACKSON, (perhaps a relative of the people Charlotte had skivvied for at Osgodby). Thirty-four years old when she married, Charlotte died childless (I think) in Scarborough, in 1949, aged 60. I don’t know what became of Eliza Jane.

A Dying Fall

Francis CHAPMAN married Ann SAWDEN in 1848, in Burton Fleming. Seven children were born to them between 1852 and 1865. For much of that time, Francis worked as a labourer on farms around Gristhorpe, in Filey parish. Ann died in 1879 when her youngest daughter, Hannah, was fourteen years old. Two years later, Francis was enumerated in Gristhorpe, sharing a house with another agricultural labourer, Francis FORDON, a man half his age who hailed from Ann’s village, Wold Newton.

The fortunes of Francis seem to have picked up thereafter and in 1891 he tells the census enumerator that he is a farmer. He shares a bigger house in Gristhorpe with daughter Hannah, now married to William HOOD, and three grandsons, the youngest called Francis Chapman Hood.

In 1901 Francis, given age 76, heads a household on Reighton Moor. He is nominally a farmer still, but the Hood family is with him and son in law William, 36, is the “farm manager”. Grandsons William and Francis, 17 and 13, are horse keepers on the farm.

At the beginning of December 1903, there is a curious accident.


Francis had lingered for nine days after the fall. His body was taken to Filey to be buried with Ann. Over a century of weather has had little effect on their stone but it has had to suffer the indignity of a more recent memorial being set up against it.


Francis, Ann and their children are on the Shared Tree. I have put the stone on their page as a memory. You may read their memorial verses in the description.

The Two Husbands of Hannah Welburn

The Hoylands of Hoyland Common confirmed my fondness for geographical rather than trade family-names. (You can keep your bakers, turners and, especially, smiths.)

Hannah is a WELBOURNE in some sources, but I will favour WELBURN. Hannah was born in 1839 in Pickering, which is just fourteen miles from the village of Welburn. There is a Welbourn in Lincolnshire and one online fount of knowledge claims this is the original home of all Welbourns. The variant spellings, including Welburn, may all mean the same thing – a well by a stream or spring – so the first English Welburns could be from anywhere.

Hannah’s father James was a cooper and after her birth, the family moved a few miles to Driffield. There are sources on FamilySearch for Hannah and three siblings, but they don’t yet form a coherent unit on the Shared Tree.


In 1861, at the age of 21, Hannah is enumerated at the family home in Westgate, Driffield, her occupation given as “Publisher’s Labourer”. Six years later she marries Samuel Sanderson HARRISON. In 1871 Samuel is described as a “Shopman (Draper’s Assistant)”. He clearly did well at the job because in 1881 he is a “Draper Master”. The couple remains childless though, and in the autumn of 1888, Samuel dies aged 46.

Hannah is named in the probate documents, but a young man called Alfred Herbert WELBURN (sometimes WELBOURNE) has insinuated himself into the family. He was a 14-year-old visitor at the 1881 Census and supposedly a nephew of Samuel, but in 1891he is head of the Harrison home in Middle Street South, Driffield, occupation Draper. Hannah is the next named, a widow “living on her own means”. Alfred was the son of Hannah’s brother, Richard.

In the summer of 1893, Alfred marries Mary Anne ROSS, Hannah’s stepdaughter. Her marriage to Primitive Methodist Minister Castle Ross had been registered three months earlier.

In 1901 Hannah is with Castle and his daughter Jane, a 26-year-old Music Teacher, in Glastonbury, Somerset. In 1911 the Minister’s house in Bournville is somewhat more populous. In addition to Hannah, there are Castle’s daughters Margaret, still single at 31, and Emily. Emily’s husband Alfred Wilson is there too, with their children Dorothy and Emily.

Hannah dies in Bournville in the spring of 1914, aged 74.

Castle returns to Filey, the place of his birth, dying here in 1928 aged 88. The inscription on his stone in St Oswald’s churchyard doesn’t “remember” Hannah.


In loving memory of CASTLE ROSS, Primitive Methodist Minister,

who entered the higher life May 23rd 1928, aged 87 years.

Also of JANE, wife of the above, who passed on Oct 25th 1882, aged 45 years;

interred in Brigg cemetery.

‘For me to live is Christ and to die is gain’

Phil. 1. 21

Today on the Shared Tree he has only one wife, but the Welbourne connection is clearly indicated.


Castle’s youngest daughter, Margaret Maud, is named in the probate documents and it is perhaps she who decided what the inscription should be on her father’s headstone. I feared initially that Hannah had been “disappeared” without a sign anywhere of her existence, but was happy to discover that she is remembered on her first husband’s gravestone in Driffield.


Francis William LANE has married into the HOYLAND family.

I have been getting flashbacks to the 1970s when I happened upon the abstract paintings of John Hoyland. I didn’t have a clue what they were “about”. I was just grateful that they added to the small sum of my happiness back then. I have been wondering if he was from mining stock.

The name seems to derive from the Norse invaders and means ‘farm on the hill’. In England and Wales in 1881, over a thousand people were called Hoyland and about 70 per cent were living in the West Riding of Yorkshire. I wasn’t surprised when I found this stat today, simply because a small number of the tribe that Francis married into had been born in Hoyland Nether (sometimes Nether Hoyland) or Hoyland Common. If you check out the Tree you will notice that William, the great grandfather of Sarah Ellen Hoyland, had been born in neighbouring Nottinghamshire, all of thirty miles away from their Common (or Nether parts).

Some of Sarah Ellen’s folks were born in Sheffield, where Painter John entered the world in 1934. There must be a good chance that he is a cousin to Sarah. but nobody has made the connection yet on the Shared Tree. I am always a little surprised when I don’t find “high achievers” on the World Tree.


John Hoyland died in 2011. His life and work can be investigated here. The image above is a screenshot of his studio floor (with chair).

There is a very pleasing Hoyland One-Name Study website. It provided information for this post and has links to John. I hope Hoylands everywhere will contribute to its growth.


Find My Past has begun the roll-out of their Tree-to-Tree hints system. I worked on a couple of Filey families today and the information I added brought invitations to assess details other growers have discovered. I still have nightmares about the way My Heritage made it so easy for strangers to butcher your loved ones. Unless you are a vengeful type, there was no upside that I could see.

Before she married in 1888, Mary Ann LANE gave birth to Francis William. In 1901 he was enumerated at the home of his widowed aunt Elizabeth in Alma Square, Filey. He worked as an errand boy and, whatever it was he fetched and delivered, I imagined him whistling cheerfully as he went around the town, oblivious that he was earmarked for cannon fodder.

Filey Genealogy & Connections has very little to say about Francis but, as he isn’t “remembered” in the churchyard, I was prepared to let him go. After the rain stopped this morning, I went to photograph the grave of his mother and stepfather.


The large flower is for Mary Ann and Robert Jenkinson’s grandson, also Robert Jenkinson, and has been placed there, I would guess, by Olive.

In loving memory of their grandson, Robert Jenkinson COLLING, dear husband of Olive, died March 8th1993, aged 68.

Francis William is uncle to the younger Robert and thanks to Tree-to-Tree I was able to trace his life journey, effortlessly.

He survived the Great War, as a soldier marrying Sarah Ellen HOYLAND in 1917. Sarah was from a mining family and Francis chose to live in her hometown, Pontefract. He worked as a house painter, took an interest in politics and in 1933, as a Socialist, was elected unopposed to the Town Council. He died in 1965, aged 78.

I put Francis William on FST this afternoon but there much more work to be done.