Coltas Continued

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Both sons born to Christopher COLTAS and Elizabeth ATKINSON married. Christopher would surely have attended the wedding of Edwin to Bridget CLARK but he died before Herbert married Mary WRIDE. It seems that both happy couples remained childless.

Christopher’s second wife, Mary HILL, must have been ten or more years younger than he was. Their first two children died before their first birthdays. Two more boys followed and were given the same names as their predecessors. The younger, Alfred Hill COLTAS, left Scarborough while still in his teens. The 1871 census finds him boarding in Janet Street, Manchester, working as a glass blower. In 1875, aged 23, he married Elizabeth SMITH, daughter of a Warehouseman. Ten years after Christopher’s death they brought Christopher’s first grandchild into the world. Thirteen years after Clara Hill’s birth they named their fifth child Christopher.

Alfred’s older brother, Frederick Hill Coltas, lived with half-brother Edwin and Bridget in Scarborough and may have helped to work their deceased father’s farm for a while.  But he too crossed the Pennines into Lancashire and, at the age of thirty, married Ellen DOLAN in Salford. The 1881 census gives his occupation as “Bricksetter”. He was still a bricksetter in 1901, and by then a father of sixteen children, though only eight were living. Ellen had three more children after the 1901 census, all girls – and only one of them was recorded in the 1911 census. Ellen filled out the form as a widow and stated she had borne 19 children in 30 years of marriage, and ten had died.

Two of Alfred and Elizabeth’s five children had died before 1911 so, in total, Christopher Coltas the Eldest had 24 grandchildren he didn’t live to see, and twelve reached adulthood. A quick search reveals five marriages but I have no intention of looking for Christopher’s great-grandchildren. I’m content that my gloom of a few days ago – that his two sons with Elizabeth Atkinson may have been the last of his line – has lifted now. I hope some living descendants of Christopher COLTAS and Mary HILL will find the extended pedigree on FamilySearch and add to it.

The Flyer

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This was to have been Today’s Image, and I was going to do a follow-up post on the Coltas Family. But, rather than his two childless sons being the last of the line, Christopher Coltas left a genetic inheritance of such proportions that I haven’t gathered in all the clan yet. I was, also, rather taken by the bears I found on a grave this morning!

Before the First World War, Rose Cottage was the home of Robert PLACE, his son George and their housekeeper Emily HORNER, as was. (Emily married George.)

Emily took in lodgers and one was John ‘Jack’ BRERETON, an aviator who spent some time at the  Blackburn Flying School at Flat Cliffs, just south of Primrose Valley.

After he left the area Jack sent Emily a postcard.

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His message reads:-

Dear Mrs Place,

Will you please send on those things of mine to “Kiplingcotes”. You have the address I believe. Mr [?] Scott is doing well at Hendon. I often wish I was flying at Filey again.

Kind regards hope this will find you quite well.

Yours sincerely,

J Brereton

My thanks to Christine Hayes for the digital copy of the postcard.

George PLACE is on FamilySearch Tree with his parents, though not under his full name – and not yet hitched to Emily. He is buried in St Oswald’s churchyard. I will attend to his pedigree soon.

End of a Line?

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Sacred to the memory of ELIZABETH, wife of CHRISTOPHER COLTAS of Gristhorpe, who departed this life November 14th 1836, aged 30 years.

The languishing head [is] at rest

Its thinking and aching are o’er

This quiet immovable breast

Is heaved [by affliction] no more

This heart [is no longer the seat

Of trouble and torturing pain]

My digitization of the Crimlisk Survey of St Oswald’s churchyard has “ELIZABETH [blank] EMMA” beneath the verse inscription and my first search on FamilySearch Tree found the wee girl. Filey Genealogy & Connections offered the sad information that Elizabeth Emma had been baptised the day after her mother was buried – and died at 16 months.

For a while, I made little progress with online searches and thought the representation of this small family on FamilySearch would mirror the MI details.

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FG&C indicated that Elizabeth was 24 years old when she married, so it would have been surprising if Elizabeth Emma had been her first child.

I then happened upon a census household containing two COLTAS brothers, Edwin and Herbert A. It took a while, but I found a source that told me Herbert’s middle name was “Atkinson”. It seemed certain that these fellows were older brothers of Elizabeth Emma but it was the discovery of their church marriage register entries that confirmed Christopher, a farmer, as their father.

FG&C had given Christopher’s occupation as a Filey“schoolmaster” so I was disconcerted – until I found his own marriage record.

When his wife died, Christopher’s boys were five and seven years old, and possibly not too difficult to raise on his own. It was surprising that he didn’t marry again quite quickly though. He waited 15 years, marrying Mary, third daughter of the late Francis HILL, Lloyd’s agent, in August 1845. I have yet to find confirmation of this union in civil, church or census records but a notice in the local newspaper adds a detail to the information above – that Christopher was a “farmer and grazier”.

I don’t know how old Mary was at marriage but she presented him, in his late forties, with two sons, Alfred and Frederick, both with the middle name Hill. Alfred died not long after he was born, and Frederick before his first birthday. A year after Frederick’s death, Mary had another son. They called him “Frederick Hill”. And about 18 months later they named their last child “Alfred Hill”.

Christopher’s sons with Elizabeth ATKINSON married but don’t appear to have had offspring. Herbert died in 1876 aged 43 and I think Edwin departed this life in 1881 aged 50. Returning briefly to the second Alfred and Frederick. I haven’t been able to discover yet whether or not they reached adulthood and were able to continue the COLTAS name. I chanced upon a Frederick Hill Coltas who died in Scarborough in1882, in his first year. Two years earlier a Frederick Hill Coltas had married across the Pennines, in Salford.

If this line of the Coltas family did persist it may well have morphed into the more common “Coultas”. For now, the question mark in this post’s title is appropriate and hopeful. If I can find the marriage record for Christopher and Mary I will add the details to FamilySearch Tree, with the Hill boys and any descendants they may have had. Find Christopher and Elizabeth here.

When Yawls Collide

Bayes COWLING shared ownership of two yawls that feature in Captain Syd’s database. Sarah SH48 was almost certainly named after his wife, Sarah HUNTER. Jane Elizabeth SH70 was owned in partnership with his son Thomas Hunter COWLING, who had married Jane BROWN a few years before they bought the vessel. Her mother was Elizabeth BRYAN. What makes it seem more likely that these women inspired the name is that, in October 1887, the boat was rammed by the Good Samaritan – and the York Gazette called her “Jane and Elizabeth”.

On the morning of the 21st, both vessels were tacking to get clear of Filey Bay before heading for Scarborough…

…when the Good Samaritan collided with the Jane and Elizabeth, striking her abaft the fore rigging, and doing considerable damage.  The crew on board the Jane and Elizabeth were so alarmed that part leapt on board the colliding vessel. Their fears were, however, groundless, and they returned on board their own craft, and started the pump, as the vessel was making water. In this they were assisted by a portion of the crew of the Good Samaritan, and the damaged craft was safely brought into Scarborough.

Though a Scarborough vessel, Good Samaritan doesn’t appear in Captain Syd’s list.

Bayes was the granduncle of John William COWLING, who featured in the 4th June post, Bringing Jane into Focus. Bayes’ wife Sarah died 27 years before he did. Their headstone has been moved from their grave to the north wall of the churchyard.

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In affectionate remembrance of SARAH, wife of BAYES COWLING,

who died Jun 5th 1870, aged 48 years.

‘Lo! the prisoner is released

Lightened of her fleshly load

Where the weary are at rest

She is gather’d home to God

Lo! the pain of life is past

All her warfare now is o’er

Death and hell behind are cast

Grief and suffering are no more’

Also of the above BAYES COWLING, who died Oct 9th 1897, aged 77 years.

‘Is not dead but sleeping’

Find Bayes and Sarah on FamilySearch Tree.

Love’s Old Dream

I don’t have the figures to prove it, but I have long thought that farmers and their offspring marry late. Later than around age 23 for women and 25 for men, that is.

In 1851, William SMITH was farming 160 acres just outside Hunmanby. The census declares he employed 4 indoor and 4 outside servants. His household comprised wife Sarah née POOL, three unmarried daughters between the ages of 34 and 38, his only son Robert, 30, his 70-year-old unmarried sister Ann, four farm labourers, a shepherd and one female house servant.

William was 27 when he married Sarah. Robert, their only son, waited until his 46th year before making an honest woman of Zillah Agar SUGGIT and farming in Filey at Church Cliff.

Three of Robert’s five sisters married and the last to tie the knot was Mary when she was 56 years old. Her husband, Matthew STAINTHORPE, was nine years older. The church register indicates that neither had been married before.

Matthew was some sort of gentleman. About six months after the wedding a census enumerator gave his occupation thus: –

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Ten years earlier, he had been a butler to Grace Trumbull at Hunmanby Hall, a large country house with a live-in staff of eleven, eight of them unmarried women. Male companionship for Matthew was provided by a groom and a page, aged 24 and 16.

In 1861, possibly no more than a five-minute walk from the Hall, Mary, a Farmer’s Assistant, was living at Rose Cottage with her 19-year-old niece, Elizabeth HOOPER.

After the wedding in 1870, Matthew moved into Rose Cottage with Mary, but he had to share the property with sister in law, Sarah SMITH, 61. He didn’t quite make it to the 1881 census when the enumerator found Mary at Howe Farm, just outside Hunmanby, with sister Sarah and a servant, Anna POOL, possibly a relative.

Mary was a wife for just over nine years and a widow for 22. She died aged 89 in the summer of 1902.

Find the old married couple on FamilySearch Tree.

Two Lives Cut Short

To the left of the path leading up to the door of St Oswald’s (Today’s Image) are two ‘table graves’. Both remember a “George Fowler”.

On the right, George FOWLER, a land and ship owner who died aged 61. To the left, George Fowler TAYLOR, who lived for just 22 years. The young man succumbed to consumption at the home of his aunt, Mrs George Fowler, on The Esplanade, Scarborough. (A different Mrs George Fowler is memorialised on the adjacent tomb.)

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On this day in 1895, Fanny Deadman Hanson (born SCOTTER) was buried in the churchyard. She was 21 years old and had been married to fisherman husband, John Henry, for just 14 months. I haven’t discovered the cause of her death. Phthisis may have taken her too – it was one of the biggest killers in Victorian Britain – but perhaps she died in childbirth.

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I have put this headstone photograph on FamilySearch Tree. (The angel, pointing upwards, symbolises “a sudden departure or untimely death”.) John Henry married again and had five children with Annie Elizabeth PASHBY.

Did He Drown?

Kath asks the question regarding Edward COWLING in a note on Filey Genealogy & Connections. Edward is remembered on the headstone of his son, John William, who perished after being swept from the coble Concord, (see last Tuesday’s post).

Edward died at the age of 62 on 22 February 1895, whilst line fishing from the Whitby ketch Princess Royal (WY40). It seems, though, that he was taken ill and brought quickly ashore, where the cause of his death was given as “bronchitis”. He was buried in St Oswald’s churchyard on the 24th.

Edward on FamilySearch Tree.

Ten Station Weather, Week 27

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A curious week in which two stations that have warmed considerably so far this year, Koltsovo and Sydney, returned mean temperatures below Pre-Industrial. And the coolest southern hemisphere station to date, Buenos Aires, topped the chart at 4.13 above P-I.

This week’s twins are Washington and Cape Town. Both stations show a warming trend over the past five weeks, though Washington’s is minimal. Some welcome warmth has come to north-east England – and it shows in the Durham Tees trendline.

The southern hemisphere stations are significantly warmer (as a collective), but the 5-week trend below the equator is nonetheless towards cooling.

With a mean temperature of 0.85 above Pre-Industrial, Durham Tees is, perhaps for one week only, exactly as warm as the 10 Year average. Which way will the year go from here?

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