A Husband and Father

Roland JENKINSON has yet to marry on the Shared Tree.

Roland’s last address was 43 West Road (Filey Genealogy & Connections) but his probate record notes he died at Scarborough Hospital.

In September 1939, at the age of 18, Roland was working as a Post Office messenger and living at 29 The Newlands with his parents and elder brother. The address is now Ash Road and if you follow the link, you can compare the old photo with Google Street View.

The women pictured years ago were chatting outside the house with the bush and blue recycling bin. The 1939 Jenkinson house is near the end of the road, on the right.

Roland’s parents are remembered at his grave in an Open Book that isn’t easy to decipher.

In loving memory of a dear husband, MATTHEW JENKINSON, died 4th May 1972, aged 81 years.

Also, his wife Emma Elizabeth, died 23 March 1977, aged 78 years.

Crimlisk Survey 1977

Records of a marriage in 1944 and a birth in 1949 may be appropriate for this post.

Free BMD Marriages SEP 1947: GRACE Doreen & JENKINSON Roland, Buckrose 2a 121.     

Free BMD Births JUN 1949: JENKINSON Anne, (Mother’s Maiden Surname) Grace, Buckrose 2a 7.

The Cuddeford Sisters

The name is not a common one in England. With the variant Cuddiford, it spread a little in the 19th century with Devon and London vying for the honours of “heartland”. Compare the maps at the linked site to the illustration below.

Sisters Ann Eliza and Ellen were born in Devon and are remembered on a substantial headstone in St Oswald’s churchyard.

47 Fowler B4 | Granite

In affectionate remembrance of BENJAMIN FOWLER, who died March 3rd 1860, aged 54 years.

ELLEN, wife of the above, who died June 8th 1894, aged 75 years.

ANN ELIZA CUDDEFORD, who died February 1st 1860, aged 37 years.

JANE SMITH, eldest daughter of the above BENJAMIN & ELLEN FOWLER, who died April 8th 1915, aged 70 years.


Crimlisk Survey 1977

Benjamin FOWLER was a Riding Officer but he is also described in some sources as a “gentleman”. He was 36 years old when he married Ellen CUDDEFORD in Stokenham, a village just a mile from the haunts of smugglers in Torcross on the south coast of Devon. I am not quite sure how old Ellen was exactly – censuses and vital records can’t be reconciled – but she was about 12 years his junior. They had four daughters and two sons in almost eighteen years of marriage. Benjamin’s efforts on behalf of Customs and Excise may have been poorly rewarded and the value of his effects at death was less than £70,000 in today’s money.

A month after she buried her husband, and two months after her sister Ann Eliza had been laid to rest, the census enumerator found Ellen at 21 The Crescent with all of her children and Ann PEERS, 19, a servant from Hornsea. 

Photographed this morning

Jane Smith Fowler died in Scarborough in 1915 but I failed to find her in censuses after 1871. I have added some sources to Benjamin’s Collaboration tab.

Robinson and Crimlisk

George William ROBINSON married Jane Elizabeth CRIMLISK at Filey St Oswald’s in January 1909. George died in 1944 and Jane 22 years later.

Row 22 | 2072 Robinson F211a | Granite

In loving memory of GEORGE WM ROBINSON, at rest 17th Jan 1944, aged 53.

‘Ever in our thoughts’

Also JANE ELIZABETH wife of the above died 25th Feb 1966 aged 77 years.


Crimlisk Survey 1977

There is a flat stone at the foot of the grave remembering George and Jane’s son George Thomas and daughter-in-law Helen Joan DAVIES.

Row 22 | 2072 Robinson F211b

In loving memory of GEORGE THOMAS (CUB) ROBINSON, died 14th July 1986, aged 71.

Also, HELEN JOAN ROBINSON, died 22nd Nov 2004, aged 89.

East Yorkshire Family History Society, Filey St Oswald’s Part 3 ©2015

George William was the first of ten children born to Thomas Robert and Alice née MOORHOUSE. The Shared Tree has an extra daughter, Julia, for whom there isn’t a birth registration to be found. She features in the 1911 census though.

There were no more children born after Louis. Thomas Robert must have had a senior moment because in 1921 he named the daughter that arrived between his namesake son and Paul “Lillian”. (In most sources she is “Lilian”.)

Just mentioned Paul married Annie Elizabeth COWLING in September 1926. I expect Paul’s oldest brother George William may have been present at the ceremony  – and perhaps he appears in the wedding photograph below (behind the bride maybe).

Photographer unknown, September 1926, courtesy of Suzanne Pollard.

I walked along West Road this morning to photograph the house where Jane Elizabeth lived towards the end of her life (source EYFHS Filey St Oswald’s MI Survey).

Jane’s house, No.93, is open to the street.

In researching George [GDDG-5NS] and Jane I collected information that may be helpful to Shared Tree contributors. I will add some sources to the Collaboration tabs of several individuals tomorrow.

The pavements were icy in places this morning. On this day in 2018 and 2019 “frost flowers” bloomed in Crescent Gardens.

A Brickmaker’s Family

William RAWSON was born in South Collingham, Nottinghamshire towards the end of 1837, to parents John and Elizabeth née BODY.

East Nottinghamshire around Newark is at the edge of the Rawson heartland, stretching north through Derbyshire into south Yorkshire and then taking a leap south-westwards to Manchester.

William had two brothers and two sisters (at least) but he is the only one that appears to have left his home patch to seek a fortune. I don’t suppose anyone knows why he chose Filey and having started out as an agricultural labourer his prospects were not great. But he was a robust and fine-looking fellow and in 1866 he married Elizabeth Ann MAULSON, a Filey woman about ten years his junior. In 1871 they were living on Ravine Terrace with two children, John Thomas, 3, and Elizabeth, 2. I suspect it is their firstborn pictured below.

Photographer unknown, no date, courtesy of Marilyn Briggs.

After John Thomas and Elizabeth, there was a deluge of ten more children. The births of Robert Hornby and Mary Eliza were registered in Stockton, County Durham, but all bar one of the others first saw light in Filey. (William junior, number 7, was born in Riccall.)

William senior seems to have had a career change in Durham. In 1881 he told the enumerator he was a bricklayer’s labourer. Ten years later he was a brickmaker, but maybe not a successful one because in 1901 he gave “general labourer” as his occupation. 

The Shared Tree has married six of the children but two more had exchanged vows in my RootsMagic database.

You may have noticed that the firstborn son John Thomas appears twice in the Shared Tree. In his 1888 death registration, he is just John. A labourer, he died at Cayton at the end of May and was buried in St Oswald’s churchyard on the third of June. He doesn’t have a marked grave. He had married Ann MAINPRIZE in Bridlington less than five months earlier and she would register John’s death and the birth of their son George in the June quarter of 1888. (You should check this information – and every other fact in the lists above.)

John the First made way for William and Elizabeth Ann’s last child, John the Second, who was tragically killed in a fall (see An Accidental Death). His memorial stone in the churchyard has toppled and broken in half. The hidden part of the inscription remembers his parents.

Marilyn also kindly donated this photo to Looking at Filey but she was not certain that it shows the Rawsons in later years. If the youngest boy here is John the Second, he looks to be about five years old, dating the photograph to around 1895.  That year, Robert Hornby was 24, William 16 and Charles 13.

I didn’t have information about William junior’s death. He was easy to trace. He married Angelina SPAVIN in 1902, five years after older brother Robert had married Angelina’s sister Hannah. In 1911 William had three children and was working as a blast furnace labourer in Loftus. In 1939 he was a “road worker” living in Scalby with Angelina and their daughter Minnie, 34. William’s birth date is given as 1 November 1880 in The Register but his birth was recorded in the December Quarter of the previous year. His death was registered in the September Quarter of 1958, aged 78.

I think it is the brickmaker’s family.

Researching More Broadley

One thing led to another. Wondering when the row of houses on Filey Foreshore that includes St Kitts was built, I looked for old maps. This is how the site looked in 1851.

The first block of The Crescent had been built but the South Pampletines undercliff from Cargate Hill south to Mouse Haven must have looked like the Nuns Walk does today. The darker patch where the X is may have been a small pond. I think I have marked the location of No.2 The Foreshore accurately but you can check by visiting the National Library of Scotland to get a feel for the area on an early 1” Ordnance Survey map. The initial surveying was done around the time John Bourryeau BROADLEY died but the map was not published until about twenty years later. Survey teams may have returned in the 1870s and 80s to find houses on The Foreshore that were not there in the late 1860s. Look here and get your bearings by moving the transparency slider. Note the present-day “pond” where children paddle in the summer months.

Even at this small scale, you should be able to roughly locate St Kitts. But head to the North Yorkshire County Council website and look at their Historic Map. Zoom out from Northallerton Station and scroll eastwards to Filey. When you reach the foreshore area zoom in until the building plan appears, outlined in red. The Paddling Pool will be a visual cue and the historic base will look very similar to the 1851 map shown above.

The house from which John B. Broadley departed in 1867 is architecturally very similar to the one he occupied in Scarborough in 1861. This made me think he may have used his inherited wealth to build five houses by the sea in New Filey and occupy one, naming it St Kitts because he knew where his bread had been buttered. Perhaps someone has the deeds of one of the houses, giving a year of construction that would support or trash this hypothesis. I now think the houses were built after John’s death and it is just a coincidence that one was named St Kitts.

John and his family are represented on the FamilySearch Shared Tree here but the woman responsible for his middle name is not related to him by blood. She is the wife of his granduncle John.

Elizabeth was the eldest of eleven girls born to sugar plantation owners Zachariah BOURRYEAU and Sophia SHAW. The girls had one brother, John, and when he died only Elizabeth, Hannah and Mary appear to have been beneficiaries of his will and the ensuing sale of the Simon estates in Grenada and St Kitts. Elizabeth had been married to John Broadley for thirteen years when her brother died and the journey made by her portion to later members of the Broadley family has been difficult to follow. Cutting to the chase, John the Lancer is arguably a Broadley alpha male in Burke’s Landed Gentry, but in reality, it was his aunt Sophia, Lady of the Manor in Welton, who owned thousands of acres in the East Riding. She was much revered.

On the day of the funeral, Sophia’s nephew Captain Broadley rode in the first mourning coach with his wife Eleanor, Mr W. H. Harrison and Mrs Sykes. William Henry HARRISON was the husband of Sophia’s younger sister Mary – and he inherited the lionesses’ share, including Welton House (page 2 if you follow this link to an East Riding Museums pdf).

My research yesterday led me to other Broadley men of war.

Broadley Harrison

John Henry William Harrison-Broadley

Squadron Leader John Harrison-Broadley

Death or Glory

He died over 150 years ago and his small headstone doesn’t look Victorian.

John’s middle name is perfect for mangling. Knowing there is a French connection in his past, I am going to settle for BOURRYEAU. It is a minority spelling in the sources but the half dozen or more variants found are unconvincing.

It is clearly a matter of pride that he was a Captain of the 17th Lancers. He must have been a boy soldier to have achieved this rank at the age of twenty-four. He was 37 and had left the army when he married. About four months after his wedding day he would have received news of the deaths of over a hundred of his former brothers-in-arms. The Russians cut the Light Brigade lancers down as they charged into the Valley of Death. Not the Scots Greys. And photographer Roger Fenton’s Death Valley is some distance from the site of the carnage.

17th Lancers, cap badge, by GMJ – http://www.paoyeomanry.co.uk, Public Domain

John was born into a wealthy family, the money coming mainly from inheritance. Made initially by African slaves in West Indies plantations and banked by Zachariah Bourryeau, huge sums were bequeathed to his son John and three daughters. There was property too and John BROADLEY, who had married Elizabeth Bourryeau, found himself in possession of Blyborough Hall in Lincolnshire. I am not sure how the Broadley family came to buy hundreds of acres of East Yorkshire, but John the Lancer received a share. Rents and his army pension were enough to fund a three-storey dwelling in Trafalgar Square, Scarborough – plenty big enough for a man, his wife and three servants. I have not found evidence of the move to Filey after 1861 and there isn’t a last address in the EYFHS St Oswald’s Burials Survey. One of the slaver’s plantations, however, was on the island of St Kitts and there is a house with this name on Filey’s Foreshore Road (aka The Beach).

Photographed today

This may be where John Bourryeau Broadley spent his final years before congestion of the brain took him. (What we might call “cerebral haemorrhage” nowadays.) His effects at probate were valued at less than £1,500 (about £130,000 today).

John’s wife was a widow for 42 years. She died in London in 1909.

More information online –

Centre for the Study of the Legacies of British Slavery

South Ella Hall, Anlaby (pdf): The Broadley Family

Bird 116 · Spinning Jenny

1810 Filey · Baptism  Rachel was born in Gristhorpe, the only child of farmer John HUTCHINSON and Ann BRUMPTON. Her mother died in August 1811 at the age of 29 and it doesn’t appear that her father remarried. Rachel had six children with William CLARKSON. Widowed in 1857, she returned to her father’s house and was enumerated at 7 West Street, Muston in 1861 with four children  – Annie Jane, John, Mary Ann and Rachael Susannah. Rachel’s father died in 1867 and on census night 1871 she was enumerated at the Cross Keys in Muston with her granddaughter Rachel Ann, 7, the firstborn of eldest son John and Isabella CARR. Rachel died the following winter and is buried in Hunmanby, presumably with her husband William.

(I didn’t accomplish much today.)

‘Joan Margaret’

On this day in 1941, a German mine exploded in the Humber and sank the drifter Joan Margaret. Five Filey fishermen lost their lives and only Jimmy BRIGHT survived.

I wrote two posts about the tragedy for the old Looking at Filey and when I have tidied them up I will reprint them here. Heritage Gateway is worth a visit. The article suggests the fishing boat struck the mine but there is a different narrative. (Isn’t there always?)

‘Joan Margaret’, photographer not known, no date, courtesy Martin Douglas.

The lost fishermen are remembered on family stones in St Oswald’s churchyard and at Tower Hill.

Mark of Man 87 · Reighton Sands Holiday Park

The Murderer’s Daughter

1879 Filey · Birth  Perhaps it was a blessing. Ellen Elizabeth died at the age of nine, five years before her father, Samuel STONEHOUSE, beat her mother to death. I haven’t been able to find a newspaper account of the young girl’s passing but noticed in the St Oswald’s burial register that her first cousin Edith Annie, aged two years and seven months, had been laid to rest five weeks earlier. The grief experienced by the two Stonehouse families may have been a factor in a flare-up that summer. Abraham Waugh Stonehouse was in court accused of assaulting Samuel and threatening violence towards sister in law Maria.

1819 Filey · Baptism  Ann married fish merchant Benjamin SIMPSON when she was 28 years old. Death took him 27 years and five children later. Ann continued the business and two sons married, presenting her with 12 grandchildren. Seven of them died long before she did.

1740 Pickering · Marriage  Joseph TRAVIS is a great grandfather of Arthur Travis CLAY, the West Riding manufacturer who is buried in St Oswald’s churchyard. But did he marry Sarah EMPSON? Filey Genealogy & Connections didn’t take Arthur’s family further back in time so what is in my RootsMagic database is down to me.

FamilySearch sees things differently.

I’ll let you know when the jury comes back and the judge has delivered a verdict. (Perhaps some private investigators would like to get involved in the meanwhile.)

1761 Filey · Death  Nesfield ranks =280 in the Filey surnames list but is also found as a first and middle name. Wharram is a fraction more common here as a surname (=253). The Surnames Map online echoes this with Nesfield found in 76 places and Wharram in 92. My notion that Wharram is a geographical surname because Wharram Percy (a deserted village) is nearby isn’t supported by the distribution map.

Surname Map

FG&C gives Nesfield WHARRAM a wife, 12 children and no grandchildren (from three marriages). I haven’t added to this complement. The FamilySearch Shared Tree also has twelve children but five are married – and there are 27 grandchildren.

Nesfield’s family doesn’t seem to have strayed far from Langtoft, (which is 12 miles from Wharram Percy and fifteen from Filey).

Measure of Man 74 · Waterworks

Cayton Bay


1694 Filey · Birth  Ryther is a small village between Tadcaster and Selby, about fifty miles south-west of Filey. It is the birthplace of Thomas KILLINGBECK, a second great grandfather to John of that ilk whose life ended violently in Filey. Some Filey Killingbecks have London connections but, on a whim, I Googled “Killingbeck Ryther” and this was the top hit –

What larks! Birthday Thomas is one of Ellen’s older brothers. (That’s if you believe Helena Wray could have been 52 when she gave birth to her last child.)

The new ancestor discovery page has something for everyone, whether you’re looking for a fun family activity or detailed information about an ancestor’s life.


On the brink, we should all grab some fun when it is offered, but you will need to have a free account at FamilySearch to follow the links on Ellen’s page. Even then, you won’t be able to navigate to the above-mentioned John. His connection back in time currently breaks at grandfather George, brother of Thomas born 1758. I will recall the anniversary of John’s death on the last day of this month but, if you can’t wait, read about his passing here.

Returning to Birthday Thomas – the records indicate he was baptised on his second day of life. Perhaps he wasn’t expected to live. Well, he married Mary FOWLER on May Day 1725 and their only child (found thus far) made the later move of some Killingbecks to Filey possible.

1804 Filey · Baptism  Rachel HOTHAM married a sailor, Robert WILLIS in 1835 when she was 31 years old. They had two children. I am not sure what happened to firstborn Sarah but in 1871 their son William was living with them in Church Stree. He was 35, single and working as a carter, but less than two months later, he married Emily GRANGER at St Oswald’s, Both couples are remembered on this headstone –

(Rachel’s younger sister, Nancy, beat her to the altar, marrying Robert Willis’s younger brother, John.)

1818 Filey · Marriage  Sally THEAKER, born in Staithes, also married a mariner at St Oswald’s but Richard RICHARDSON left her a widow in 1834 when she was just forty years old. He is buried in the churchyard, in an unmarked grave – unless Sarah is buried with him. There is plenty of room on her stone for him to be remembered.

1863 Filey · Death John RUDDOCK was also born in Staithes but before he settled in Filey he went with Commander PARRY to the Arctic.

Landscape 152 · Cleveland Way

Near Robin Hood’s Bay 54.397819, -0.480368