Only Connect #2: Jane Cortis

Jane was the third daughter born to Richard CORTIS and Jane SMITHSON, eight years after Elizabeth (Only Connect #1).

Jane was eight years old when her mother died, one of ten children that Richard had to nurture. Elizabeth must have carried most of the burden of being “mother” but she married in 1845. When the census was taken at the end of March 1851, Jane was the only one of the brood remaining “at home” to help her father run the Minerva Hotel in Hull. Three weeks later, she married Philip HORSLEY, a farmer from Doncaster.

Jane has a third FamilySearch ID, masquerading under the family name “Curtis”, without parents or siblings.

I commented in an earlier post that Jane and Philip disappeared from English records and I speculated that they may have joined the Cortis diaspora to the United States. I went looking and found a source detailing the purchase of eighty acres of land in Iowa in 1852 by a Philip Horsley. Expecting to find him with a wife and a bunch of children in 1860, I was dismayed when I couldn’t find them in the Census. I feared one, or both, had died.

I messaged Peter in Australia and he looked again at the cache of Cortis family letters in his possession. He told me that the name DANNATT appeared several times, along with FAMILTON and PECK. This information led me in short order to Jane CURTISS.

This Jane has no birth family history or the earlier marriage to Philip but she married Benjamin in Clinton, Iowa. And if the Familtons and Pecks are not enough to prove a connection to the Australian Cortis branch – she named one of her daughters Minna.

Further confirmation came from the discovery of a marriage record – of Benjamin Dannatt to Jane Horsley.

It appears that Philip died without issue but on re-marrying Jane became a step mother to three children born to Benjamin and his first wife Elizabeth Ann BOWER. Jane subsequently had seven children of her own. Sources on the Shared Tree place the family in Low Moor, Iowa, mid-way between DeWitt and Clinton.

It is looking increasingly likely that Jane blazed the Cortis trail to America. While some of the brothers that followed made fortunes in Manhattan, Thomas Thackrah (the youngest) seems to have been less successful as a physician. He lived near sister Jane in Clinton County for a while. I will make a case for him to be “connected” in another post.

Measure of Man 44 · Country Park

Only Connect #1: Elizabeth Cortis

Elizabeth was the first child born to Richard CORTIS and Jane SMITHSON. As I write, she may be found in two corners of the FamilySearch Tree multiverse.

Seven sources are attached to her record and they all truly belong to her. Three are marriage sources and a FamilySearch transcription of one of them records her age in 1845 as 21, giving a calculated birth year of 1824. The Holy Trinity (Hull) marriage register doesn’t specify the age of the bride or groom.

This source is valuable in giving her residence and her father’s occupation. Richard by this time had given up seafring and was keeping The Minerva Hotel, a stone’s throw from the River Humber.The naming of three Cortis witnesses – Elizabeth’s parents and sister in law -is also helpful. (Mary Jane had married Elizabeth’s brother, Dr William Smithson Cortis the previous year.)

A Sculcoates Parish christening source indicates that Elizabeth was 27 years-old when she married.

A “possible duplicate” indication on Elizabeth 1’s page takes us here: –

Elizabeth does not have children yet – but has the correct birth year, her mother and a full complement of siblings.

Elizabeth 1 appears to have lived for 66 years, dying in Bramley. A few days ago I found a Billion Graves photograph of her headstone in Hull General Cemetery. I imagine it is not far from her father’s grave. It clearly indicates she died in 1857, aged 39.

So, who was the Elizabeth HUTCHINSON who died in 1890? Maybe the wife of gardener Thomas Hutchinson, born Elizabeth HALDENBY. In 1881 this couple and several children were enumerated in Hunslet, which is six or seven miles from Bramley.

After the early death of “our” Elizabeth, Charles Hutchinson re-married – but he waited thirteen years to do so. This is surprising, given that Frederick was twelve and Alice Maria just six when their mother died. Charles died in 1875, aged 58.

Frederick became a successful builder and was able to retire in his late thirties, but shortly after giving birth to their seventh child his wife Kate died aged 38. Frederick chose not to marry again but the 1901 and 1911 censuses show he had two umarried daughters  and three servants to run his household.

It seems that descendants of Elizabeth 1 may have contributed information about her to the Shared Tree, so I don’t want to make any major changes. I hope it will be a pleasant surprise for them to discover Elizabeth 2’s remarkable birth family. Or Betsey as she was known when she married.

Beach 113 ·Filey Sands

There’s Only One Harriet

The last of the TAYLOR children seriously misrepresented on the FamilySearch Shared Tree is Edmund, the seventh son of Francis and Mary nee BRAITHWAITE. He married twice and currently his first wife is Harriet Matilda WILSON.

On census night in 1871, Edmund is lodging with oldest brother Thomas in Victoria Place, Chorlton on Medlock. At the next census he is married to second wife Mary WILKINSON. Mary has yet to have a child of her own but is stepmother to Harry and Mary. The Shared Tree has Edmund and Mary marrying on 6 October 1880 and Harriet Matilda dying in April 1881.

Between 1871 an 1880 there is only one marriage registered in England and Wales that features our focus couple.

Free BMD Marriages

Harriet is 26 years old when she dies in the first quarter of 1879, less than six months after she gave birth to Mary. A calculated birth year of 1853 generates parents William Wilson and Harriet SPENCER in Bolton, Lancashire, but this relationship should be checked.

On the Shared Tree there are three sources attached to Harriet Matilda. The first is a Chorlton birth registration for Harriet Margaret WILSON in the September Quarter of 1844. Harriet Matilda’s birth is given as 1843 – in Pateley Bridge, Yorkshire. The second source, for the marriage, is correct in naming “just Harriet”. The third source is a death registration for Harriet Matilda Taylor in the June Quarter of 1881. FamilySearch shows the registration place is Chorlton and age at death 38. The GRO Deaths Index, however, doesn’t give the registration place and has a different Volume and Page number. Free BMD Deaths agrees with the GRO in giving Volume 8c and Page 392 and helpfully specifies Chorlton Registration District.

A Harriet date of death after Edmund has married again makes further investigation rather pointless, but a quick search of Free BMD Marriages shows just one Harriet Matilda WILSON marrying between 1860 and 1881 – in Bethnal Green, London.

A “member’s tree” on Find My Past offers a variant Harriet, born in Pateley Bridge in 1855 and dying in Bramley (Leeds) in 1879. I cannot find either event supported by civil registration. So, for me, there was only one Harriet Wilson destined to be Edmund’s first helpmeet.

Path 103 · Sand Hill Lane

Church Ravine

A Bad Marriage

The paternal grandmother of Thomas CLARK, Sunday’s missing soldier, is Ann TAYLOR. On the FamilySearch Shared Tree she is married to Richard MARSHALL.

Ann has three sources: christening in 1838, 1851 census and civil marriage in 1856. Richard just has the marriage source; his parents are not given. That he is apparently eight years older than Ann isn’t much of a caution, but the bride being just eighteen should give pause. In Britain in the mid-19th century, both sexes could marry legally at puberty. Fourteen for males, twelve for females. Parental permission to marry was required if the parties were below “full age” (21). Widely accepted advice was for young women to wed between the ages of 21 and 25 and the average age at marriage for both sexes  in Victorian Britain was around 25.

Hindsight (after much research) is a wonderful thing, but let us begin the search for Ann’s Mr. RIGHT by accepting her birth in Bridlington in 1838 and that she was from a good, settled family that followed social norms. A simple query of Free BMD marriages in East Yorkshire between 1859 and 1863 gives just one result.

Bingo! A likely contender for Private Clark’s grandfather.

Expanding the search two years each way adds one other East Yorkshire “hit”.

The bad marriage.

Ann’s 1851 census source confirms that her father is Francis Taylor, as shown on the Shared Tree. The father of Ann who married first is another man.

It would be interesting to know if this John Taylor was a witness at the marriage of “our” Ann to William Clark.

I think this is evidence enough to end the Shared Tree bad marriage and unite Ann with her soldier grandson. A task for tomorrow perhaps. (I should point out that William is already represented on the Shared Tree with “Anne” and one child.)

I tried to discover what happened to Richard and Ann but their trail went cold after the birth of their first child.

William Clark had eight children with his Ann and when the 1911 census was taken he is living in Bickerton near Wetherby with daughter Sarah Ann, a Farm Manager’s wife. But William, now 74, is a widower and I don’t know yet when or where Ann died. William’s life ended in the Workhouse but not, it seems, sadly.

Insect 26 · Soldier Beetles

Rhagonycha fulva, Muston Cliffs

The Horsefeeders

I was looking for Emily NO NAME, a victim of a long-ago data input glitch, and happened to meet the HORSEFEEDERs as I scrolled down rows of an Excel spreadsheet. I so wanted this to be a real family name, even as I realised that, as an occupation, it may not (somewhat ironically), have put much food on the table.

 

20200514Horsefeeder_FST

FamilySearch source

I found no other people with this name in Yorkshire and upon searching online for ‘Horsefeeder genealogy’ I had to accept that they were something other.

As a general rule, transcribers should input what they see.

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I’m now seeing ‘Horsefield’ with the ‘i’ undotted and ‘d’ with ascender amputated – but only after accessing the marriage register entry for William and Emma.

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Emma gave birth to nine girls before bringing Fred and finally Walter into the world (when she was 43 years old). In 1901 only Hannah, 25, was still living with her parents – and also in residence were William and Emma’s grandsons, George William, 3, and Joseph Pretoria, about 6 months old. One can guess that unmarried Hannah was their mother and perhaps their father was away in Africa fighting the Boers (if he had not already been killed).

Girl Nine was Ada. I looked at the Filey HORSFIELDs and in their short pedigree of just three generations, there are two women called Ada. About thirty miles separate the families but they don’t appear to be connected, and they are minimally represented on the Shared Tree. Both William Horsefield and Richard Horsfield are waiting to begin their families.

Richard’s son, Herbert Knight, is buried in St Oswald’s churchyard.

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Path 90 · Headland Way

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Path to Speeton Sands

 

The Georges Dove Made Respectable

At the beginning of the month, I made much of a farrago on the Shared Tree – where two husbands swapped wives and one wife gave birth to a child of the other. It has taken a while, but I managed to find a descendant willing to make the necessary corrections to the pedigrees. Judge for yourself how well “homebuilt” has cleared up the mess made of “Snaith George” and “Middleton George”.

I can now add a St Oswald’s headstone to the Shared Tree as a memory that somewhat remotely connects to George DOVE of Middleton on the Wolds. His granddaughter, Charlotte WARLEY, married George Toyn COLLEY, son of George Colley and his third wife, Sarah TOYN.

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In loving memory of LOUISA, the beloved wife of GEORGE COLLEY of Cliff Terrace, who died May 21st 1860, aged 39 years.

Also, two children of the above who died in infancy.

Also of GEORGE COLLEY, who died April 10th 1866, aged 59 years.

Also of SARAH, relict of the late GEORGE COLLEY, who died Dec 6th 1866, aged 33 years.

You may remember posts about an earlier mistaken identity kerfuffle featuring Elizabeth WHITING, wife of George Colley’s brother William. Louisa is the servant who waited upon Charlotte Brontë when the author briefly took an apartment in Filey. Find the Colleys on the Shared Tree.

An American Cuckoo

On the face of it, Sarah Lucrecia APPLEBY appears to be the middle child of seven born to John and Jane in this FamilySearch screenshot. Viewers quick on the uptake will notice immediately that she has taken the place of the one true Sarah.

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Sarah Lucrecia was born in Salem, Illinois. We are asked to accept that John, a wheelwright, had three children with Jane in Filey Parish, sailed to America and, after SL’s birth, sailed back to Filey Parish and brought three more children into the world. Amazing.

There is an entry in the St Oswald’s Church burial register showing that plain Sarah was laid to rest on 11 December 1859, aged just twelve. There isn’t a stone to remind us of her brief stay, nor a newspaper notice of her death (that I can find). It isn’t right that she has been pushed out of her nest in the Shared Tree.

Fortunately, it will be a relatively simple matter to set the records straight. Sarah Lucrecia’s American family is extensive and distinguished, one forebear marrying in Virginia nine years after the arrival of Mayflower. Trace her roots in Europe and you may bump into William the First of England. And plenty of others who would have looked down on a journeyman wheelwright.

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Job done. Find Sarah in her rightful place on the Shared Tree. Perhaps someone else will kindly take the trouble to cut the other John Appleby loose.

A Passage to India?

Alan, great-grandson of George Toyn COLLEY and generous supplier of family information and photographs to LaFREDUX, has a second great-grandaunt on his mother’s side called Mary Ann HEMINGTON. She is a mixed-up lady, through no fault of her own. She married Frederick George O’BRIEN in Lambeth on 23 March 1863, almost three years after she supposedly gave birth to a daughter in Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh. That child, Mary Ann Conway McCarthy, married John Henry SUBRITZKY, bore him eleven children and died in New Zealand in 1932.

HEMINGTONmarya_FSTscreenshot

Mary on the Shared Tree doesn’t have a family name, though you would reasonably expect her to be a Hemington. Perhaps she was born a CONWAY? She has seven duplicate IDs. One HENNESSEY, one WELTON, three RYANs, one RAGAN and one QUESTIONMARK.

In the first quarter of 1859, Mary Ryan married a Daniel McCarthy in Newcastle upon Tyne.

Just Mary has three sources attached to her record on FamilySearch. One is the 1861 England & Wales Census, placing her in London, aged 22 and single, with her parents and six siblings. It doesn’t make sense to have shipped her out to India.

Sources neatly fit marriage to Frederick George in Lambeth, the birth of a daughter, Sophia Mary Ann in 1865, and death aged 45 towards the end of 1883.

A very different life to the one currently portrayed on the Shared Tree.

Another Mistaken Mary

Mary Jane COLLING is a great-granddaughter of the elder Jane LUNDY (last Wednesday’s post) but today I discovered she has been abducted and married off to a West Riding boilermaker.

FSTss_MaryColleyLangton

You may wonder how Mary Jane could be mistaken for a COLLEY and be presented as a child of Jane JENKINSON and not the granddaughter she was.

There are two prime culprits. The 1881 census enumerator had a lapse of attention, entering Mary Jane as ditto, for “Colley”. But the correct relationship to the head of household is given.

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Fast forward to the computer age, and a similarly inattentive transcriber/digitizer of the CEBs.

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The given names of the “daughters” should have been one “tell” and the 12-year gap between them another, and more of a concern than the age of Jane, perhaps. Here is Mary Jane in her birth family –

FSTss_MaryJaneColling

Sixteen was not a sweet age for Mary Jane. A verse on her headstone expresses sadness at leaving early.

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‘I.H.S.’

In loving memory of MARY JANE, beloved daughter of JOHN AND MARGARET COLLING and grand-daughter of WILLIAM AND JANE COLLEY, who died Sep 25th 1890, aged 16 years.

‘It was in the blooming of my youth

That death to me was sent

All you that have a longer time

Be careful to repent

For in my health I little thought

My days were run so near

But now the time for me has come

No longer to be here’

Also, the above WILLIAM COLLEY, the beloved husband of JANE COLLEY,

who died in the Lord Jan 23rd 1900, aged 72 years.

‘Gone but not forgotten’

Also, JANE his wife, who died Sep 2nd 1905, aged 77 years.

‘Kind thoughts shall ever linger

Round the graves where they are laid’

Richard the Boilermaker married Mary, daughter of butcher William Colley and Susannah. In 1881 she is with her parents, two brothers and two sisters in Stanley with Wrenthorpe, Wakefield. Twenty years later she is a wife and mother of two-year-old “Lawrance” in Goole. Sharing the dwelling in Kingston Street is Richard’s father, widower Edward Langton.

Kidnapped

In late 1868, Edmund JENKINSON and Jane, his second wife, registered their first child together as Tom Robert. He was christened at the Primitive Methodist chapel in Filey on November the 22nd. When they registered his death four years later he was Thomas Robert.

In February 1869, Mary Elizabeth SAYERS was with child when she married Richard Cammish JENKINSON in St Oswald’s church. They named their first-born Tom Robert and that’s the name on his headstone. For much of his life though, he was ‘Old Naz’.

Meanwhile, in the deep south (Wandsworth), William JENKINSON and Susan FREEMAN had a boy child they called Thomas Robert.

In the alternative world that is the FamilySearch Shared Tree, you can find him unmarried with a daughter, but the son of Filey fisherman Richard Cammish Jenkinson (‘Dick Sled’) and Mary Elizabeth Sayers.

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This is not as bad as it looks. There is a Wandsworth Thomas Robert with a different ID and the correct lineage (at first glance). This will make it easier to rescue Old Naz from his captors.

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Old Naz, Benny Hoy and Dicky Hoy, courtesy Ben Jenkinson

Dicky Hoy is Richard Cammish Jenkinson Jnr in the fragment of pedigree above, (brother of Old Naz).

On Friday 6th August 1909 the Scarborough Mercury reported: –

Yesterday two Filey fishermen named Tom Robert Jenkinson and Tom Cammish, were salmon fishing from the boat Daybreak, near to the wreck of the Laura at Speeton, when their nets became fastened to a brass cannon, a relic of [HMS] Nautilus, a [sloop-of-war] which was wrecked about 1800. They had just got the cannon weighed up when the net gave way, the last-named being covered with verdigris from the cannon. About 60 years ago the late Mr. Sellers, of Speeton, had hold of the mouth of one of these cannons with which the Nautilus was equipped. He was crabbing at the time, and a very low tide enabled him to reach the mouth of the cannon, but not having anything with which to buoy the gun it is supposed that it has been allowed to [rest] in the sea ever since.

There was a third Filey Tom/Thomas Robert Jenkinson, born in 1876, so it isn’t certain that it was Old Naz who had the encounter with the Nautilus cannon. He would have been thirty years old at the time.

Old Naz married Elizabeth Towse SHEPHERD in 1890. I will put a photograph of their headstone on FST as a memory when I have brought the kidnapped fisherman home.

F114_JENKINSONeliztowse_20120816_fst

Tilly and the Tree Rats

I met Tilly on my afternoon walk today. She was keen to get at the Glen Gardens squirrels. This photo is for her, snapped this morning in Church Ravine. Yum yum.

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