Elinor Clarke was not a titled Lady but she had the largest house in Filey designed for her by Walter Henry Brierley and was considered to be the richest woman in the town. She never married though local gossip has it that the building of Northcliffe House was a come hither to the Reverend Arthur Neville COOPER, vicar of Filey for 55 years. He married someone else and Elinor died a spinster in January 1905.
Her wealth was considerable and it was speculated that it derived from cotton, and more specifically cotton thread but research by Dr. George Sheeran at Bradford University has established that a wallpaper manufacturing business established in Manchester by her father filled the Clarke coffers. At the 1841 Census, Robert Dennison CLARKE was described as a “Paper Stainer” and he died just three years later so it is something of a mystery how he amassed a fortune in such a short time. His only son, also Robert Dennison, became a lawyer and died in 1889, seemingly unmarried and surviving two other sisters, Eliza and Mary Ann, leaving Elinor as the last Clarke standing, inheriting everything.
FamilySearch has the Manchester Clarkes, fragmented as I’ve come to expect but a little work will pull them together. Elinor’s life journey isn’t easy to follow but today I happened upon a Eureka census that answered an old question – what was her relationship to her elderly companion Elizabeth ALDERSON?
The two ladies sleep side by side in St Oswald’s churchyard in Graves G605/ 6 in the Crimlisk/Siddle Survey and 737/8 in Part One of the East Yorkshire Family History Society MIs. In 1871 Elizabeth was living in Rutland Terrace. Ten years later she was visiting Harriet HARKER in Beverley with sister Anne and Elinor. In 1891 Elinor was boarding with Elizabeth in Rutland Terrace. Forty years separated the women but they were clearly very close.
As noted earlier, Elinor’s father died when she was two years old. I have been unable to find her mother’s death but in 1851 three orphan Clarke children were living at Strawberry Cottage in Matlock, Derbyshire. Head of the household was clergyman’s daughter Elizabeth ALDERSON, 27 (yes, 27), sheltering Eliza, Elina, and Robert D Clarke. Anne Alderson, also younger than she ought to have been, was described as a lodger. I really can’t explain why Elizabeth and Anne should knock twenty years off their age. Their baptism records are clear enough in 1803 and 1805 at Holme on Spalding Moor. (In the ’51 Census they give their birthplace as “Home, Yorkshire”.) Their father was William, the rector at Everingham near Pocklington for many years. Their Monumental Inscription runs –
Here rests ANNE ALDERSON died January 3rd 1885 daughter of
the Rev. WILLIAM ALDERSON formerly Rector of Everingham,
and ELIZABETH his wife
‘Rev. 14: 12.’
Also ELIZABETH eldest daughter of the Rev. WILLIAM ALDERSON
died March 7th 1895
More surprising than this age conundrum is the source of the Alderson sisters’ wealth. They never married and lived all their adult lives, it seems, “on their own means”.
Another question – did Elinor ever do a day’s work? It appears she did or at least set out on a career. Eight years old at Strawberry Cottage she was, at age 18, a schoolmistress, boarding with Eliza Day at 1, East Beach, Lytham, Lancashire.
Find the Manchester Clarkes on FST. Elinor is on Filey Genealogy & Connections but totally isolated, eight years too old and born in Scarborough. The fibs she told census enumerators…