A day or two ago Scotland posted a record February high temperature. Today, Trawsgoed in Ceredigion reported 20.6°C (source: BBC), the first time a temperature over 20°C has been recorded in a UK winter.
On the last day of winter in 2012, Whitby maxed at 18.1°C. At my chosen weather station in the town, the warmest days of February for the past nine years have averaged 12.5°C, with the lowest maximum being 7.8°C, in 2010.
There are more than a dozen variants of the GWYNNE coat of arms but most have the “trademark” two swords with a third held aloft below the hilt. The motto of the Trecastle branch is Gogoniant yr clethaf (glory to the sword).
As mentioned yesterday, at least two “unrelated” GWYNNE lines joined genetic forces with another. I haven’t looked too closely to see if one branch was particularly warlike but quite a few Gwynne chaps took the monarch’s shilling and most served in the higher ranks. I have only found one so far that died by the sword – Roderick Thynne Sackville GWYNNE, remembered on a family grave in Filey, but buried in Merville Communal Cemetery in France.
Roderick’s life was wasted in the second of two futile attacks near the Aubers Ridge in the Spring of 1915. Accounts of the first mention Bois Grenier, (a village, not a wood), and it took place near Neuve-Chapelle between Wednesday 10th and Saturday 13th March. A second source, on the Imperial War Museum website, states that he was…
Fatally wounded in a night attack on a German position at Touquet on Sunday morning. When brought to the first aid post, he insisted on his men being attended to first.
Roderick was taken with many other casualties to the hospital at Merville, about twelve miles away, where he died of his wounds almost two weeks later.
By the evening of [Saturday] 9 May the situation was far from promising for the Allies: the groups of soldiers who had managed to reach the German front line were totally isolated and exposed to enemy fire. The chaos on the roads to the front and the communication trenches was such that any thought of relaunching the attack at sundown was abandoned by Haig.
During the night the soldiers established on the German lines (200 to 300 men in all) undertook a perilous retreat across no man’s land.
By the morning of 10 May all hopes of renewing the attack were abandoned because of a lack of shells and, above all, because of the huge numbers of casualties (it took three days to transfer the wounded of 9 May to the field ambulances on the second line). In one single day of fighting the British Army had lost 11,000 men (dead, wounded and lost in action) which was, in relative terms, one of the highest casualty rates of the Great War, in particular for officers.
And to his eldest son, RODERICK THYNNE SACKVILLE GWYNNE, 2ND Lieut. K.O.Y.L.I. Born Sept 16th 1893, died of wounds, May 23rd 1915. Buried at Merville (Nord) France.
It is surprising that young Roderick was described in his CWGC Index entry as the son of “late Maj. Roderick Edmund Howe Gwynne”. The “Major” died on 23 May 1922 at the family home in Southdene. (Roderick the Elder is only a Captain on the gravestone.)
Sacred to the Memory of RODERICK EDMUND HOWE GWYNNE, Capt. R.W.F., of Breconshire, born Decr. 16th 1858, died May 23rd 1922.
Among other Fighting Gwynnes (in no particular order):-
James Hugh born February 1863 (FST: LBR2-STT), Lieut. South Wales Borderers, regular commission 1 Royal Welch Fusiliers, Burmese Expedition 1885-86. Shot in the knee at Yatha. Awarded India General Service Medal and clasp. Second clasp in the Hazara Expedition. Occupation of Crete with 2 RWF 1897-8. China Medal with clasp for the Relief of Pekin. Reached the rank of substantive Major in 1903; retired August 1906. Died March 1910 as a result of a hunting accident with Bexhill Harriers.
Nadolig Ximenes born 25 December 1832 (MTRS-S1T), 53rd and 85th Regiments, Shropshire Light Infantry, served in the Afghan War and in Sudan; Major-General.
John born 1780, Lieutenant, 14th Dragoons, Peninsular War.
Frederick Ximenes (MTR3-6CX), Colonel, Breconshire Volunteers.
Sackville Henry Frederick born 1778 (MTR3-XGN), Lieut.-Colonel Commandant 1st Carmarthenshire Militia.
In a few days, I’ll post about two military men, father and son, who died on the same day of the year, the son in 1915 and the father seven years later.
The names, Roderick Edmund Howe GWYNNE (father) and Roderick Thynne Sackville GWYNNE, suggest they are not from a family of ordinary folk – but, if you are European, upper crustiness is not required to claim descent from the Holy Roman Emperor.
Surprisingly, neither of our soldiers had a place on FamilySearch Tree yesterday. I had to go back to the end of the 17th century to pick up another Roderick and his children.
The resolutely Welsh Y-line peters out at the beginning of the 13th century. One has to follow the maternal HOWE side, though not very far before branching off, to make the crossing into mainland Europe.
This is one of those mother-lode Super Pedigrees so, if you have the inclination, go for a wander. You may stumble upon the folk below eventually:-
Roderick Edmund Howe is buried in St Oswald’s churchyard but he is not a true GWYNNE. One of his male forebears, James Price HOLFORD married Anna Maria Eleanor who gave him more than children. She would find herself a co-heir of the THYNNE HOWE GWYNNE Buckland estate, which encouraged her husband to “take the additional surname and arms of Gwynne”.
Colonel Gwynne Holford bears, consequently a quartered shield, first and fourth, HOLFORD; second and third, GWYNNE; and an escutcheon of Pretence quarterly of twenty-one coats, comprising, with many others, the arms of MEREDITH, Prince of Powys, GRONWY AP TUDOR, EDNOWAIN, Lord of Tegaingle, HOWE, Lord Chedworth, GWYNNE, of Garth, JONES, BARRETT, MATHEW, &c, &c.
The GWYNNES of Glanbrane and Buckland descend from the marriage in 1405 of RHYDDERCH AP RHYS, of Llwyn Howel…with Gwenllian, daughter and heir of Howell ap Griffith, of Trecastle, younger brother of the renowned Sir David Gam, so distinguished at Azincourt.
I will try tomorrow to establish the link on FST between the GWYNNE HOLFORDs and the two Rodericks remembered on the “stone” in Filey churchyard.